Completed in 1677, this was built by Christopher.Wren with the assistance of Robert Hooke. It is 202’ high and is also 202’ west of the premises in Pudding Lane where the Great Fire Of London started.
The fire in 1666 demolished 80% of The CIty including St Paul’s Cathedral. The King, Charles II, joined his subjects in the streets to pass buckets of water. The Tower Of London, however, survived. There was a Naval Base near the Tower and the quick thinking commander ordered a row of houses blown up and this formed an effective firebreak.
The fire destroyed over 13,000 houses. Amazingly the death toll was only six!
We’ll now proceed up Fish Street and into Gracechurch Street. At the top of Fish Street you’ll see, on your right, a road called East Cheap. This would have been a market in the middle ages, ‘cheap’ meaning ‘market’.
Fish street, XF, JR Fenchurch street, JL Lime street, JL Lime passage
The market dates back to the 14th century and was originally a meat, poultry and game market. It is one of the oldest markets in the capital but not the oldest. It is predated by Borough Market and Croydon Market.
Because of its stone construction it not only survived the Great Fire but also stopped it spreading to the north-west.